F1 is the most popular motorsport competition. Not only sportsmen compete in it, but also car manufacturers and each race brings surprises. We will tell you what Formula 1 is and what its principles are.
Queen of motorsport
“Formula 1” – cars with open wheels compete in it (when they are not covered with plastic lining, like in ordinary cars). Such cars are called fireballs. This competition has been held annually since the 1950s. F-1 is the highest stage and many call it the “queen of auto racing”. This is no accident because it is here that the best technologies and great minds of the world are gathered, competing among themselves to prove that it is their sports car that deserves the best. Formula 1 is the Queen of Motorsport and the Great Circus. She has many names, but the essence is the same. This article is intended for people far from motor racing and Formula 1 in particular, and for the faithful fans of the Queen of Motorsport, who want to learn more about their favorite sport. Many people watch car racing in the Formula 1 class for several years, but they don’t know what exactly is called Formula 1. To fix this, you need to figure out what is behind this beautiful name. The definition of the term “Formula 1” can be defined in the narrow and broad sense.
Under the name of “Formula 1” championships are held since 1950, however, and before that regular Grand Prix were held, but there was no centralized system of scoring for victories at the stages. Competitions are held from March to November with an interval of one or two weeks, depending on the calendar for the current season. There are races for the season from 19 to 20. There are also “summer holidays”, when the competitions are interrupted for one month in the middle of the season. This is necessary so that designers can eliminate errors and prepare race cars for the rest of the season. It happened that after the resumption of the championship, the situation changed cardinally and the leader changed.
In the “Formula 1” is not all dependent on the pilot, as in other racing series. Some races were won at the expense of more successful tactics than the opponent. To do this, each team has a headquarters of analysts who analyze the course of the race and calculate all the options. For example, a successful pit stop (changing wheels, which is mandatory during the race) for one team, left the other rivals behind. The main thing is not just to spend it quickly, but to do it at the right moment.
Grand Prix Formula 1
At each stage of the championship, no more than two pilots from one team can be declared. During the season, each team is allowed to use no more than four different pilots. All Grand Prix Formula 1 consists of certain parts – sessions:
- Free practice – consists of three parts. Two of them take place on Friday (in Monaco – on Thursday) and last 1.5 hours, and one lasting 1 hour takes place on Saturday morning. These races are intended to prepare riders and teams for qualification and race – they familiarize themselves with the track, adjust the car and choose a strategy.
- The race is the final and most important stage of the Grand Prix.
Tires in Formula 1
The official supplier of tires in Formula 1 is the Italian company Pirelli. In the 2016 season, Pirelli introduced seven different types of rubber:
- Hard (Hard) – is marked in orange.
- Medium – is marked in white.
- Soft (Soft) – is marked in yellow.
- Super soft (Super-soft) – is marked in red.
- Ultra soft (Ultra-soft) – is marked in purple.
- Intermediate (Intermediate) – marked in green.
- Rain (Full wet) – is marked in blue.
On each Grand Prix, it is allowed to use up to 5 types of rubber – intermediate and rain types are available on all Grand Prix, but three of the five dry types are added to them, which Pirelli chooses in advance. In the F-1, much depends on the tires. Currently 5 permissible sets of tires are used – from super soft to hard. Apart from 2 types of rain tires: for heavy rain and light rain. At each stage, 2 mandatory types of tires are selected – and each pilot must travel at least one lap. Changing tires – mandatory, this is called a pit stop. The best time is 2.5 seconds. Any hitch can throw a rider back several positions. Therefore, mechanics are constantly conducting training to prevent mistakes. For example, a hitch in the second at the pit stop of the race leader, when the mechanics could not quickly fasten the wheel, turned around the loss of points for the pilot or second place instead of first.
Very expensive mistake!
What to put tires? It may first be soft, when there is a lot of fuel in the tanks and then after 20 laps, change to a more rigid type – and drive the rest of the distance. Or hard at first, and at the end of the race, when the fuel in the tanks is less and the car is lighter – “soft” and on what circle to make a replacement? This is what team analysts think, and the outcome of the race depends on their decision. There are more factors than the tire change itself. For example, to what place will the car return after changing tires, behind or behind an opponent. In Formula 1, design solutions are introduced. And they depend on the rules of the race, which is constantly changing. For example, a limit of 3 engines is now set for the entire race distance – this is at least 20 stages. If the engine has developed a resource, but there is no spare – the driver receives a penalty. And he has to start the race from the last places. Maybe this is unfair, but it makes intrigue. And we see when the racer of the top team, who started from the last place, breaks into the top of the back of the field, making effective overtaking. And there have been situations when so won the race. It is not boring for viewers.
You should not think that any F-1 pilot cannot drive and got there only for money. This is not true. To participate in the motor racing queen the pilot must receive a super-license. This means that he must go auto-sport career from the bottom and be in the top three in Formula 3 or other similar races. Formula 3 is the same race, but the technique is simpler here, the power of the motors is less. And if, by the end of the year, the pilot will not be able to get into the top 3, then he will not receive a super-license for participation in Formula 1. Therefore, there are no random pilots.